By Hassan Salih Khalilieh
It is a comparative examine facing the maritime practices which prevailed within the Byzantine and Islamic worlds round the Mediterranean from 7-10 centuries C.E. and includes seven chapters. the 1st bankruptcy describes the actual and criminal value of the send, computation of potential, and the significance of naming advertisement vessels. bankruptcy examines problems with possession and ownership of a vessel, the employment stipulations of the team, and the passengers' prestige on board send. Carriage of shipment via sea and kinds of contracts, legal responsibility of the lessor, delivery charges, and breach of agreement are coated in bankruptcy 3. Jettison, usual, and contribution are taken care of in bankruptcy 4. bankruptcy 5 treats the legislation of collision and the foundations governing the salvage of jetsam, are surveyed in bankruptcy Six. the ultimate bankruptcy explains the criminal transformations among Byzantine and Islamic mercantile legislations and descriptions the rules of the ocean personal loan, chreokoinonia, and qirad.
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Additional resources for Admiralty and Maritime Laws in the Mediterranean Sea (ca. 800-1050): The Kitaab Akriyat al-Sufun vis-a-vis the Nomos Rhodion Nautikos (Medieval Mediterranean)
E. is a brother and disciple of the famous Màlikì jurist Ya˙yà Ibn 'Umar, whose family came originally from al-Óà"in ( Jaén). He was a jurist of the third †abaqa, joined Ibn'Abdùs and other famous jurists while in Qayrawàn. Biographers hold controversial views as to Ibn 'Umar’s death place, either Qayrawàn, or Crete, or Egypt. ), op. , 10–11. ), op. , 6–7. He draws our attention to the fact that the treatise under discussion is attributed to Mu˙ammad Ibn 'Umar, whereas Khalaf Ibn Abì Firàs, a Màlikì jurist from Qayrawàn with a bad reputation, who ﬂourished between the years 330–359/941–969 and died there in 359/969, compiled it and added his own preface besides a few legal inquiries ascribed to Abù Mu˙ammad Ibn Abì Zayd, Abì Sa'ìd Ibn Akhì Hishàm, and 'Abd al-Malik Ibn Is˙àq Ibn al-Tabbàn.
Hattendorf and Richard W. Unger (New York: The Boydell Press, 2003), 83–104; Christides, Conquest of Crete, 67–96; idem, “The Raids of the Moslems of Crete in the Aegean Sea: Piracy and Conquest,” Byzantion 51 (1981), 76–111; Joshua Holo, “A Genizah Letter from Rhodes Evidently concerning the Byzantine Reconquest of Crete,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 59 (2000), 1–12; George C. Miles, “Byzantium and the Arabs: Relations in Crete and the Aegean Area,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 18 (1964), 1–32; Ernest W.
For example, the Latin term gubernator is derived from the Greek kubernetes which denotes the ship’s pilot; celeusta originates from keleustes, the “oﬃcer” of a war galley, who set the beat for the oarsmen with a ﬂute; proreta is derived from the Greek proreus, meaning the bow oﬃcer. 22 Alexander C. Schomberg, A Treatise on the Maritime Laws of Rhodes (Oxford, 1786), 332, 335. 23 The emperor Justinian was of Gothic origin. His native name was Uprauda, a word said to mean upright, and thus to have found an equivalent in the Latin Justinianus.